What are the four 4 stages of supply chains?

Integration, operations, purchasing and distribution are the four elements of the supply chain that work together to establish a path to competition that is profitable and competitive. To get the best results from SCM, the process usually begins with planning to match the supply to customer and manufacturing demands. Companies must predict what their future needs will be and act accordingly. This relates to the raw materials needed during each manufacturing stage, the capacity and limitations of the equipment, and the staffing needs throughout the SCM process.

Large entities often rely on ERP system modules to add information and compile plans. Production slows down due to reduced customer demand, and the quantities of parts purchased from suppliers are also lower, creating quantity-driven price pressure. Every product or process, and even suppliers, has a life cycle that supply chain managers must understand and comply with. End-of-life situations also provide an opportunity to find new suppliers, incorporate changes in technology, reduce costs and reduce risks.

Materials can also be more difficult to obtain, as suppliers face their own product lifecycle challenges and those of lower-level suppliers. In addition, understanding the product lifecycle plans of major suppliers provides information on supply planning and pricing trends, while addressing and reducing risks. Your company's products are discontinued at some point, and the products you buy from suppliers are also ultimately discontinued. Vendors that focus on operational excellence are often chosen to reduce costs and take advantage of the introduction phase for as long as it lasts.

For example, if a company uses more raw materials than planned and purchased due to lack of employee training, the company must correct the problem or review the previous stages of the SCM. When purchasing products, companies must consider the delivery time and how a supplier can meet those needs. Supply chain management (SCM) represents an effort by suppliers to develop and implement supply chains that are as efficient and economical as possible. Time-to-market is essential in this phase, and suppliers must be able to respond quickly to increasing market demands, uneven schedules, and rapid changes in design or operational characteristics.

The purchasing area of supply chain management ensures that a company has everything it needs to manufacture products, including materials, supplies, tools and equipment. If the product is successful and market demand is high, the purchasing organization puts continuous pressure on the supplier to meet production targets and aggressive cost targets. A supply chain begins with the delivery of raw materials from a supplier to a manufacturer and ends with the delivery of the finished product or service to the end consumer. In strong supplier relationships, this should come as no surprise and there should be sufficient advance notice for the buyer to take alternative steps to ensure continuity of supply.

During long product lifecycles, suppliers may change or stop manufacturing the products they used to make, forcing buyers to create expensive runs of special products with old prototype suppliers or to find new specialized suppliers. .

Elizabeth Leen
Elizabeth Leen

Infuriatingly humble bacon specialist. Devoted beer specialist. Incurable bacon expert. Award-winning zombie maven. Evil food scholar.

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